All motorcycle enthusiasts must have heard the name of MotoGP racing at least once in their lives. To elaborate, it is a series of motorcycle racing events. In MotoGP, racers are pit against one another, and they ride their bikes at their very limits to win. Your adrenaline must be rushing by now. Therefore let’s check out all about this racing event.
The FIM or Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme founded in 1949 sanctioned this event. Also known as the Grand Prix motorcycle racing, the MotoGP is the world’s oldest motorsport championship.
Furthermore, GP or Grand Prix motorcycles are custom built machines not designed to work on normal roads. Also, they are illegal to ride anywhere except on the racing circuit.
MotoGP Racing History
The first MotoGP competition occurred in 1949 after the establishment of the FIM. During that time, this event had the name of Road Racing World Championship Grand Prix. It had various motorcycle classes based on their engine size.
The 1960s saw 4-stroke engines dominating all the classes. However, by the 1970s, the 4-strokes were overrun by manufacturers such as Gilera, Mv Augusta, and Moto Guzzi.
The MV Augusta, in particular, dominated the MotoGP racing at that time. Because no one could defeat it in any class, it ruled for a complete three seasons.
Moto GP Racing Engine Classes
The current classes used in the Grand Prix today are, Moto2, Moto3, MotoGP, and MotoE. While the first three classes use 4-stroke engines, the last one, MotoE is electric. Also, the Moto2 (600cc) came out as an alternative to the 250 cc class. Hence, many people also call it a less expensive variant of MotoGP.
Additionally, the Moto 3 replaced the 125cc two-stroke class. The Moto 3 is four-stroke, 250 ccs having a weight limit of 165 kg with fuel.
MotoGP Racing Emergency Response
Accidents in the Grand Prix are of two types- low-side and high side. In a low side, the bike’s front or rear tires slip taking the rider to the lower side of the track. However, in the more dangerous high-side, the bike grips the track surface. It causes the rider to fling out over to the high side of the track where most racers ride.
However, thanks to improved traction control, high-sides are much less common now.
If a rider crashes or has an accident in a race, track marshals wave yellow flags. The marshals do this to prevent other bikers from passing. However, if they cannot safely evacuate the rider, the race gets red-flagged.
Facts About MotoGP Bikes
- The FIM banned two-stroke engines in 2012. Hence, most motogp racing bikes use V4s.
- Grand Prix bikes are racing prototypes and hence cannot be used on streets. Also, it is illegal to ride motogp bikes on public roads.
- The tires used in motorcycles in the Grand Prix cost an astonishing 1000 Euros per pair.
- A racing engine clocks up to 16,000 rpm. In essence, it means that the piston has to travel up and down 250 times per second.
- Racing motorcycles are much more potent than the superbikes you see on the roads.